Original title: Abe government’s economic policy has not reached August 28th, Japan Prime Minister Abe once again announced the resignation by health.
In addition to creating the longest record of Japan’s prime minister, there seems to have not left political heritage.
The Abe Government has implemented the "collective self-defense rights" by changing the explanation of the Constitution, and still has a political and legal community.
Abe has claimed that it is necessary to solve the problem of North Korea kidnapping Japanese, Japan, Northern Fourth Isle, but there is no progress, which makes it "extremely painful". During the Abe’s ruling period, although the second 71 month economy in the history of the war, the Economic Policy of the Abe Government has not reached the end. The reporter listened many times, and the "economic" "Development Economic Government" and other slogans, but many of them are not the governance schedule, but the choice of the two hospitals. Therefore, multiple criticized Abe only pays attention to the economy when they are elections. From the data, "Abe Economics" results "Abe Economics" success or failure, a group of data.
At the fourth quarter of 2012, the Japanese GDP calculated as 498 trillion yen annually, and although the "2020 600 trillion yen" is achieved today, the highest peak is 539 trillion in the third quarter of 2019. Yen, the average annual increase of%. Japan’s economic potential growth rate has developed from the percentage of governance to the current%.
The Nikkei Average share price index rose from 10230 yen to 22880 yen.
The yen is depreciated from the yen to the US dollar to the yen. After two taxes, consumption tax increased from 5% to 10%. The substantive salary index is lowered. The full unemployment rate is reduced to%.
The number of jobs for each job seeker is rising from rising, and the employment status is greatly improved.
Many of Japan will be discounted in the execution, even a sluggle slogan.
10 years ago, Japan has developed "IT Strategic Report", which has been proposed to realize e-government within 3 years, but today’s e-government penetration rate is less than 10%, called "e-government developing countries". Abe’s goal of the 2020 GDP reached 600 trillion yen is no honor. The main policy of valued long-term policies and multilateral cooperation "Abe Economics" is the "three arrows", that is, bold financial policies, motor fiscal policies, and evokes to grow people’s growth strategies.
Abe’s pre-financial province official Humida, THOTO, THOTO, THE THO, THOT, President of the Japanese Central Bank, proposed that the amount of currency increased by 2 years and 2%, and the inflation rate reached 2%, completely got rid of the economy of the economy.
To this end, the Japanese government and the central bank have published joint statements in the United States, proposed to strengthen policy coordination in achieving economic sustainable growth. According to this, fiscal policy is to encourage industrial development and effective demand, and the government increases financial investment in financial investment in science and technology research, industrial manufacturing, and pension. In order to support enterprise development, continuously reduce legal tax, enhance corporate competitiveness, and improve business environment. At the same time, promoting the employment of the elderly, women, make up for the lack of labor in Japan’s aging aging.
In terms of specific operation, the Japanese Central Bank adopts a large number of acquisition of national debt to market. At present, the central bank holds a national debt balance of 500 trillion yen, accounting for 40% of the national debt. At the same time, in large quotes of stock market trust funds.
In particular, from January 2016, the central bank launched the negative rate policy, so that more funds flowed to the market and pulled the stock price.
At present, the Japanese central bank and pension institutions have become the largest shareholder of 192 large companies in the Tokyo Securities Market. "Abe Economics" improves the business environment, and the actual tax rate of legal person tax is reduced from 37% to%, and the promotion of technology development and tax cuts has promoted the development of export industries based on large enterprises. The company’s profits have a high innovation. In 2019, corporate profits are equivalent to completion of 2012. This long-term policy has contributed to the above economic effect.
Abe’s government actively promotes international multilateral economic cooperation and reflects Japan’s demand for global economic liberalization.
These include Japanese, US, Singapore and other countries’ transfanta partnership agreements (TPP). After exiting in the United States, Japan’s leading other 11 countries re-signed a comprehensive and progress across the Pacific Partnership Agreement (CPTPP) under the premier of the agreement, which has promoted the agreement in December 2018. In February 2019, the Japanese European Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) took into effect, and the first round of economic and trade agreements were completed. As of November last year, Japan’s bilateral multilateral self-trade agreement has reached 17, in order to deal with the UK, the Economic and Trade Agreement, Japan and the Economic and Trade Agreement has basically laid the foundation. In addition, Japanese participation in regional comprehensive economic partnership agreements (RCEP) are also expected End the negotiation within the year.
As of February this year, the trade volume in the framework of the self-trade agreement accounted for the total trade. The new government will continue to face the old topic Japan’s self-owner party will push the new president in mid-September, and then the Congress will elect the new prime minister.
The new government will still face new and old topics in Japanese economic development.
First, in the spread of new coronal pneumonia, how to do anti-vloarns and maintain the basic operation of the economy, become a top priority.
In the second quarter, Japan’s GDP decreased, and "second wave of epidemic" in July, how to lead the Japanese economy to the first test for the new prime minister. Second, the government has continued to issue trees over the years, which has caused Japanese fiscal burden, and the long-term government bonds owned by the central and local governments have increased from 93. Trill NR $ 118.6 billion, which is equivalent to 207% of GDP.
Originally planned 2025 basic balance is difficult to fulfill, long-term deficit finance is difficult to support the government.
Third, although a series of economic countermeasures have been implemented in recent years, Japanese economic boom has rebounded, but the potential growth rate is less than 1%, how to improve the potential growth rate, need big knife to implement reform.
Fourth, due to the increase in corporate profits, there is no way to increase workers’ revenue, and the growth of consumption growth will turn a lot of profits to internal storage. In addition, the government increases the consumption tax and a variety of social security self-payment ratios, so that residents can support the revenue, resulting in a few domestic consumer markets that account for GDP60%.
The fifth is to promote the development of the national economic and social development, and also focus on reducing the impact of natural disasters on large cities. The Japanese government has proposed "local innovation concept", guiding Tokyo and surrounding people to radiate.
However, today’s Tokyo population has increased in 24 consecutive years. Sixth, Fukushima nuclear power plant accident has not been completed in nearly 10 years, and the reactive reappearance program has not been completed, and the scrap treatment has become a long-term project that requires several generations.
Seven, as the young ages continue to continuity, how to achieve the sustainable development of social security systems, and the Japan needs a comprehensive consideration from the multi-angle of political and economic and social.
In short, new and old topics require new ways. What new policies will be launched in Japan’s new government, people will wait and see. (Editor: Xu Wenjin, Chen Jianjun).