Chenguang Stationery (603899): Steady growth of traditional business, new business gradually getting better

Chenguang Stationery (603899): Steady growth of traditional business, new business gradually getting better

Performance continued to grow rapidly, and the overall performance slightly exceeded expectations.

In the first half of the year, revenue was 48.

390,000 yuan, 27.

78%, net profit attributable to mother 4.

710 thousand yuan, 25 year on year.


Net flow of operating activities 2.

470,000 yuan, up 50.

64%, mainly due to the effective management of cash flow from sales, procurement and other operating activities.

Revenue in the second quarter alone was 24.

830,000 yuan, 27 北京桑拿洗浴保健 compared with the same period last year.

57%, net profit attributable to mothers2.

130,000 yuan, 25 compared to the same period last year.


Overall, Q2 was basically flat compared with Q1, but with a high base last year, the overall performance in the first half of the year was slightly better than expected.

Traditional businesses have been cultivating channels and product upgrades with steady growth.

With the change of population structure and the decline of the birth rate, the overall growth of the stationery industry is relatively weak.

However, through channel upgrades and product upgrades, the company’s report included traditional business (including Chenguang Technology’s online sales) of YOY15%, maintaining a steady level of growth.

Writing instruments, student stationery and office stationery 西安耍耍网 income were YOY10.

49% / 26.

67% / 26.

59%, gross margin increased by 0.



19 points.

As of the end of the reporting period, the company had 35 Tier 1 partners, nearly 1,200 Tier 2 and Tier 3 partners across the country, and more than 7 “Chenguang” retail terminals.

80,000, the number of terminals increased by 2,000 more than the end of 2018, fully realized channel sinking.

In addition, the company focuses on key terminals and promotes channel optimization and upgrading, including the promotion of single store quality improvement, chain franchise upgrade, post-distribution platform upgrade and operation optimization, and creation of boutique cultural and creative zones, office zones and children’s art zones.

New business continued to grow rapidly and gradually entered the harvest period.

The company’s new business mainly includes the development of Chenguang Klip, a one-stop office service platform, Chenguang Life Center for retail stores, Jiumu Sundries, and Chenguang Technology, an Internet and e-commerce platform.

In the first half of the year, a series of new businesses such as Chenguang Klippu and Chenguang Living Museum (including Jiumu) continued to grow at a high speed, an increase of 60% over the same period last year.

1) Chenguang Klip has implemented a centralized mining policy, Dongfeng and its strong business development and service capabilities. In the first half of the year, it realized revenue of 1.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 56%.

The number of reports has successfully developed multiple government customers, central enterprise customers and large enterprise customers, and the logistics and distribution capabilities have also been continuously improved.

At present, Chenguang Klip has put into operation five central warehouses, covering five major regions of the country. It has set up its own distribution team in nine cities including Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Tianjin, etc. to improve the distribution efficiency and help expand the market and serve customers.

2) Chenguang Life Museum (including Jiumu) realized revenue 2.

310,000 yuan, an increase of 95% year-on-year, of which Jiumu Sundry Club contributed 1.

6.4 billion yuan, 240% year-on-year.

As of the end of the reporting period, the company had 300 large retail stores across the country, including 129 Chenguang Living Centers and 171 Jiumu Sundry Clubs (114 directly-operated and 57 joined).The overall performance of large retail stores exceeded expectations.

Upgrade earnings forecast and maintain “overweight” rating.

Adjusted profit forecast to return net profit to mother from 2019-2021.



95 trillion increased to 10.



21 trillion, corresponding to a PE of 38 in 2019-2021.

33x / 31.

41x / 25.

50 times.

The company is a leader in the culture, education and office supplies industry, and its downstream demand is relatively rigid.

Traditional business integration channels and product upgrades have grown steadily, and new business has been growing at a rapid pace.

Taking into account the company’s high growth, the industry in which the space is broad, and there is a certain scarcity in the stock market, the company was given a 19-year PE39-42 estimate, corresponding to a target price of 42.


2 yuan.

As the current expectation is about to enter the target price range, maintain the “overweight” level.

Risk reminder: Office direct sales business customer expansion is less than expected New retail business development is less than expected

Shaanxi Coal Industry Co., Ltd. (601225) 2019 Interim Report Comments: Cost is slightly pressured but gradual performance is still expected to grow

Shaanxi Coal Industry Co., Ltd. (601225) 2019 Interim Report Comments: Cost is slightly pressured but gradual performance is still expected to grow
In the first half of 2019, the company’s cost pressure affected by policy factors increased, but in the long term, the company’s northwestern region’s coal leader has a solid level, the production capacity will increase in the next three years, and the carbonization of coal will also be conducive to the opening of the Mongolia-Huawei Railway, with significant room 杭州桑拿网 for growth, Maintain “Buy” rating. Net profit for the first half of 2019 temporarily decreased by 1.23%, mainly dragged down by the Q1 northern Shaanxi coal mine’s main mine output reduction.The company’s H1 in 2019 achieved operating income / net profit of 325.8.6 billion / 58.71 ppm, +24 a year.16% /-1.23%, EPS is 0.60 dollars.Q2 net profit was 30.97 ppm, basically flat for one year, +11 from the previous month.61%, mainly due to strict Q1 regional safety supervision bureau, the company’s mines phased out of production, Q2 production resumed growth. Self-produced coal sales increased by 3%, and policy factors led to a 19% annual increase in unit cost.The company’s H1 coal production / sales in 2019 were 5370/7730 each year, each time +1.87% / + 18.18%, of which 5267 tons of self-produced coal sales, +2 per year.91%, the increase mainly comes from the Xiaobaodang No.1 mine that entered the joint trial operation, and the annual increase is expected to contribute about 1,000 tons.The average selling price of commercial coal is 386 yuan / ton, more than three years.8%, of which the average selling price of self-produced coal is 376.04 yuan / ton, previously +2.50%, mainly due to the impact of security supervision this year, the overall supply in northern Shaanxi is tight, and prices remain high.The full unit cost of the company’s original coal preparation was 206.13 yuan / ton, previously +18.99%, mainly due to the environmental governance fund and the increase in the resource tax rate in Yulin (from 6% to 9%) caused the unit cost to increase by about 20 yuan / ton. The company’s capacity growth is clear, and the opening of the Menghua Railway will effectively increase the volume and price levels of coal sales.The company is endowed with high quality resources and long-term output growth with high certainty. At present, Xiaobaodang Well No. 1 (1500 tons) has been put into operation, and the construction of Well No. 2 (1300 tons) is progressing at the same time. It is expected that it will reach full production in the next two years.In addition, the Menghua Railway in which the company shares is expected to open to traffic at the end of the year. In the future, the company’s volume and price level in the “two lakes and one river” market are expected to further increase. Risk factors: Fluctuations in macroeconomic growth affect coal demand and prices.The operation progress of Menghua Railway is less than expected. Investment suggestion: Considering the company’s cost increase and 北京桑拿网 the latest coal price forecast, we lower the company’s 2019?The EPS forecast for 2021 is 1.12/1.17/1.21 yuan (previous forecast was 1.)14/1.22/1.27 yuan).For now 8.92 yuan, corresponding to 2019?21 years PE 8/8 / 7x.We give the company a target price of 11.20 yuan, corresponding to PE 10x in 2019, and maintain a “Buy” rating.

Hairong Cold Chain (603187): Global Commercial Refrigerator Leads Upgrading Consumption Upgrades to Promote Growth

Hairong Cold Chain (603187): Global Commercial Refrigerator Leads Upgrading Consumption Upgrades to Promote Growth

Benefiting from consumption upgrades and convenience store penetration, the long-term value of the commercial freezer industry has continued to increase, people’s requirements for food safety, fresh fruit and vegetable quality have been gradually improved, and new retail models have been gradually promoted at the same time.

Throughout the world, the demand for commercial freezer market breakthrough regions is the expansion of Europe and the United States, followed by New Zealand, Japan, South Korea and other Asia-Pacific regions.

At the same time, 杭州桑拿网 reviewing the development of Japanese convenience stores, its major development was mainly in the early 1970s to 1990s.

Looking at the current situation, GDP is still at the bottom, so the industry has only a certain countercyclical nature.

As domestic consumption upgrades, convenience stores continue to penetrate second and third tier cities, and new retail models are promoted, the demand for commercial refrigerators is expected to continue to boom.

The company is a global commercial freezer leader, and the business is a comprehensive and diversified growth company. The company is a global commercial freezer leader. Its business includes commercial freezer, commercial refrigerator, commercial supermarket display cabinet and commercial intelligent sales container. Customers include Nestlé, Unilever, Yili,Mengniu and 北京夜网 other world-renowned first-tier manufacturers.

In terms of industry, due to high customization requirements and fast service response demand, the entire industry is currently low in concentration and has a large market space.

The company’s various businesses have now achieved better growth. Among them, the domestic demand for commercial refrigeration display cabinets is stable, and overseas customers are entering the Southeast Asian market with major customers. Commercial refrigerated display cabinets have been transferred from overseas markets to domestic markets. Commercial supermarket display cabinets have benefited.Continued penetration in supermarkets and convenience stores; low density of commercial intelligent sales containers, future blue ocean market.

The company’s overall global market share is about 9.

1%, is expected to further increase market share in the future.

The company speeds up the construction of production capacity and follows the major customers to explore the overall industry development status of the Southeast Asian market. Considering that the industry surpasses the off-peak season, the company’s existing production capacity is still tight, and the surplus production capacity is the basis for obtaining customer orders.

Therefore, the company is accelerating the construction of production capacity, including “annual production of 500,000 cold chain terminal equipment projects”, “commercial vertical refrigeration display cabinet expansion production projects” and “smart cold chain equipment and commercial vending equipment industry projects.”

At the same time, in the second half of 2018, Yili and Mengniu successively promoted the “going out” strategy to open up the cold drink and dairy products market in Southeast Asia.

With a population of 6 billion in Southeast Asia, it is regarded as “China in 1990”. Cold drinks and dairy products have a bright future.

At present, the company has established subsidiaries in Indonesia and Vietnam to cooperate with major customers and expand overseas business.

Investment advice and profit forecast As domestic consumption upgrades and the continued penetration of convenience stores, we are optimistic about the company’s future development prospects.

It is expected that the operating income will reach 15 in 2019-2021.



7.9 billion yuan, net profit attributable to mothers2.



25 ppm, corresponding to the current P / E 17/13/11, gives the company a “Buy” investment rating.

Risks prompt the escalation of the global trade war, large customers choose other suppliers, and raw material prices have risen sharply.

Estun (002747) 2019 Third Quarterly Report Review: Short-term performance under pressure is optimistic about the company’s long-term growth

Estun (002747) 2019 Third Quarterly Report Review: Short-term performance under pressure is optimistic about the company’s long-term growth

The company released the third quarter report of 2019: the company achieved operating income in the first three quarters of 20199.

6.8 billion, down -9 every year.

11%; 5734 net profit attributable to mother.

460,000 yuan, a decrease of 18 per year.


Among them, the Q3 2019 quarter achieved revenue2.

86 ppm, a decrease of 15 per year.

75%; net profit attributable to mother is 64.

710,000 yuan, down 95 per year.


Revenue fluctuated slightly and is expected to improve in the fourth quarter.

In terms of quarters, the company achieved revenue 3 in Q1 2019.

2.1 billion (+6.

21%), net profit attributable to mother is 1894.

0.9 million yuan (+4.

78%); Q2 achieved income 3.

6 billion (-14.

75%), net profit attributable to mother is 3775.

650,000 yuan (-1.

25%); Q3 realized income 2.

8.6 billion (-15.

75%), net profit attributable to mother 64.

710,000 yuan (-95.


The fourth quarter often confirmed the peak period for the company’s revenue, and the revenue growth accelerated.

The company’s gross profit margin for the first three quarters of 2019 reached 36.

47%, an increase of 0 every year.

33 points.

The quarter-to-quarter comprehensive gross profit margins for Q1-Q3 in 2019 were 39.

04% / 36.

88% / 36.

47%, ten-year change -1.

47pct / + 1.

92pct / -0.

61pct, affected by the change in revenue structure, there was a certain fluctuation in the gross profit margin in the single quarter, but the company’s overall gross profit margin improved in the first three quarters.

Management, R & D expense rate is constantly increasing, and high R & D investment promotes long-term development.

The 杭州桑拿 company achieved sales, management, research and development, and financial expense ratios of 7 in the first three quarters of 2019.

36%, 12.86%, 11.

10%, 3.

32%, with annual changes of +0.

27 points, +1.

45pct, +1.

33pct, +0.

41pct, the company does not relax investment in research and development, and pave the way for long-term development.

Profit forecast and estimation: The company is a leader in domestic multi-joint industrial robots, and its sales growth rate is ahead of the industry.

According to the latest financial report, if we do not consider the acquisition of Cloos, we cut our performance forecast to EPS0 for 2019-2021.

13 yuan / 0.

19 yuan / 0.

26 yuan, maintain the “prudent overweight” rating.

Risk reminder: the risk of goodwill impairment; receivables accrual risk.

Linglong Tire (601966): plans to implement the stock incentive plan

Linglong Tire (601966): plans to implement the stock incentive plan

The event company released the 2019 stock incentive plan. The company issued the 2019 stock exchange incentive plan (expenditure) on December 10.The number is 1280.

70,000 shares, accounting for 1 of the total share capital.

07%, the source of the stock is repurchased from the secondary market; the proposed stock price is 10.

38 yuan / share.

  Assuming that the incentive object rights and interests are granted in January 2020, the company will amortize expenses 0 due to the incentive plan in 2020-2023.

80, 0.

42, 0.

20, 0.

7.0 billion, total 1.

4.2 billion.

  Introduced an incentive plan for the first time since listing, restricting the interests of core employees. Since the company went public in 2016, the company’s strategic layout has continued to advance and its performance has been outstanding. At the same time, the company’s “5 + 3” layout continues to land.

This time, the company launched an equity incentive plan to share the operating results with core employees, and at the same time assisted the company’s employees to make a concerted effort to further realize the subsequent growth.

The performance evaluation target for the lifting of the sales restriction in this incentive plan is “based on the net profit in 2018, and the net profit change in 2019, 2020, and 2021 shall not be less than 30%, 50%, and 70%”, corresponding to 2019, 2020, and 2021. The annual net profit is 15.

36, 17.

72, 20.

08 trillion, also reflects the company’s confidence in the continued growth of performance in the next 3 years.

  The “5 + 3” strategic layout continued to advance, and new production capacity was released year by year. At the end of March 2019, the company’s Serbian factory started laying the foundation and became the company’s second overseas factory.

The company officially has 4 domestic factories and 2 overseas factories. The global “5 + 3” layout strategy proposed at the beginning of 18 is being implemented in an orderly manner.

It is estimated that by 2020, the company plans to produce 90 million tires.

In the short term, the projects in Jingmen, Hubei (1 million full steel and 4 million semi-steel) in the first phase and Serbia (3.5 million semi-steel and 800,000 full-steel in the first phase) projects will bring considerable increase to the company.

In addition, the fifth largest domestic production base and overseas American bases will be gradually confirmed, and the growth is highly certain.

  The industry structure is optimized, and the tire industry’s adverse growth has led the domestic tire industry. The company has been ranked among the top 20 tires in the world and the top five tires in China for many years. Its products are sold in 180 countries and regions around 深圳桑拿网 the world.Cars, Ford, Volkswagen, Geely, Sinotruk and more than 60 world-renowned auto companies.

At present, the scale of Linglong semi-steel radial tires ranks first in the domestic tire industry, and the scale of all-steel radial tires ranks second in the domestic tire industry.

We are optimistic about the company’s internal parallel layout strategy. At the same time, in the past two years, the supply-side reform of the internal tire industry has continued to advance. The industry structure has been significantly optimized. Against the background of the downstream automobile industry’s breakthrough, the tire industry’s adverse growth is worth our depthattention.

In the future, the industry concentration will continue to increase, and the company is expected to benefit significantly.

  We estimate the company’s net profit for 2019-2021 will be 16 respectively.

14, 18.

85 and 22.

19 ‰, corresponding to PE, 15, 13 and 11 times, maintaining the “buy” level.

The chair turned out to be the number one killer of health

The chair turned out to be the number one killer of health

“Get up from your chair!

“This is a suggestion from a professor of psychology to the” sitting generation. ”

Most of the workers in modern society sit in the office and drive around on the way to and from work. When they return home, whether they eat dinner or watch TV or sit .People “sticking” to the chair may be at higher risk of developing high blood pressure, slowing metabolism and gaining weight.

  Why do honest chairs make a healthy killer?

  The passiveness of “sit” is second only to “lying”. The sitting human body has the lowest absorption and consumption, which easily leads to metabolic imbalance.

Many people feel that even eating an apple consumes more transfers than “sticking” to a chair.

On the other hand, “Some people mistakenly think that ‘sit sedentary’ is equivalent to ‘no exercise’. In fact, if someone exercises 30 to 45 minutes in the gym every day and still sits the rest of the time, their lifestyle still belongs to ‘sit sedent’.

“The sitting position changes the natural shape of the human spine, making muscles and bones more and more uncomfortable.

The spine of a healthy person is naturally S-shaped, but the sitting position pushes the waist back into a “C” shape, so that the back and abdominal muscles that should support the body lose their effect.

In the long run, the hip muscles become weak, unable to support the spine strongly, and the pain comes in pain. Someone in the sitting position is bent at 90 degrees. The muscle strength and hip flexors have been compressed, the hip muscles are stretched, and the limb movements will change.No longer free, stretching, pain and injury are more repeated than before.

  After a long period of time, the waistline of the “seat” will gradually increase over time.

“Stand up” can only consume a few calories of conversion at a time, but as long as you insist on doing it once a day, it will gradually become obvious.

Consuming 30 to 50 more calories per day is not difficult, but it is enough to prevent weight gain of 2 to 3 pounds per year.

And if you spend a lot of time in a “sit” state, your weight will quietly fall on you.

  ”Sit” not only does not put a positive physical test on the body, but forces it into a relaxed state, while “correction” can exercise the muscles of the head, shoulders and legs, perform effective metabolism, and adjust the position of the spine in time.

  It is not appropriate to call a chair the No. 1 killer of health, because it will not intentionally harm people’s health. What really should be changed is the sedentary bad habit.

Scientists suggest that people try to move away from the chair as often as possible. Workouts or treadmills are good choices.

Another way is, “Make the right habit when answering calls,” Biddle said, “and constantly switch focus by changing feet.

This way you also burn calories during the call.

Old Chinese medicine teaches you how to spend the three summer days in midsummer

Old Chinese medicine teaches you how to spend the three summer days in midsummer

Old Chinese medicine teaches you how to spend three volt days in midsummer on July 18. The so-called “three volt days” refers to the time between the small summer and the beginning of autumn, which is the highest and overlapping, sultry day in the year.

  Recently, China Weather Network’s high-temperature rankings were released in the first half of 2014, and Nanning jumped into Hainan’s capital city, second only to Haikou.

According to historical records, the next July and August will be the month with the most high-temperature weather in Nanning.

Old Chinese medicine teaches you how to spend the summer safely.

  It is expected that it is best to eat and eat summer health, which is related to all aspects of eating, drinking, and housing. Old Chinese medicine pays attention to hygiene is the most important!

The high temperature in summer is a hotbed for the rapid growth of bacteria. The hot and high temperature can easily cause food to rot and deteriorate, and people will easily cause diseases and food poisoning after eating. Therefore, we must treat the disease from the mouth, and pay attention to hygiene as prevention.

  Pay special attention to the summer diet. You must develop good eating habits and personal hygiene habits. Buy dietary ingredients carefully. Do n’t buy spoiled dietary ingredients. It ‘s best to eat fresh food and wash raw fruits and vegetables.You can add some garlic and vinegar to your cold dishes, which can both season and sterilize, and increase appetite; pay attention to the preservation of food and keep it fresh in the refrigerator in time.

  Do n’t drink wildly when you are thirsty.

Under normal circumstances, the nutrient element of water accounts for 65% -70% of the human body, and water plays an important role in the balance of the human body’s host function.

But do you know how to drink water?

Drinking water is a science.

  Old Chinese medicine reminds not to wait until thirsty before drinking water!

Thirst indicates that the body’s water has lost its balance, the cells begin to dehydrate, and it is too late to drink water.

Don’t drink wildly when you are thirsty, you should drink less frequently.

Normal adults should drink 1500-2000 milliliters of water every day. When sweating consumes water to evaporate, each person should maintain 2000-2500 milliliters of water every day.

  Old Chinese medicine practitioners said that it is advisable to drink natural mineral water that meets the standard of tap water if possible, followed by warm boiled water. Do not drink tap water that has not been boiled. In addition, drink less carbonated drinks, and do not drink drinks as water.Carbonated beverage additives contain a variety of organic acids, which can decompose calcium and slenderly attack the enamel of teeth.

  Do not eat cold foods in hot and hot weather, eat a popsicle, have a cold drink, and eat ice watermelon?

Old Chinese medicine reminds that such foods should be eaten as little as possible, cold food will easily hurt the spleen and stomach, affect appetite, and may even cause internal function collapse.

Being too greedy and refreshing for a while will only lead to a lack of appetite for food, less eating, fatigue, and more than gain. Why not take a long-term view and just the right amount?

  Vegetables and fruits cannot replace reasonable additives as the cornerstone of health. The daily diet for adults should include the seven nutrients that the body needs: minerals, lipids, proteins, vitamins, impurities, water and fiber supplements.

Among them, vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals, sugars and cellulose, which strengthen the body’s resistance and open the stomach.

Old Chinese medicine reminds that vegetables cannot replace fruits, and fruits cannot replace vegetables.

Vegetables and fruits each contain irreplaceable nutrients, which can supplement various nutrients required by the human body. At least 400-500 grams of vegetables and 100-200 grams of fruits should be supplemented each day.

Grain is a staple food, and the halo is properly matched. The summer diet is mainly “light”. The essence of light is to use less oil, and it is not meatless.

  Reasonable salt supplement should pay attention to the large amount of sweat excreted in summer, the body will lose a part of salt, salt loss affects the production of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, is not conducive to the absorption of iron and calcium, so it is necessary to add salt.

However, salt supplementation cannot be done blindly.

Old Chinese medicine reminded that from a nutritional standpoint, it is recommended to eat less salt. The daily salt intake per adult should be 6-8 grams. According to surveys, the per capita salt consumption in Guangxi amounts to 12-16 grams.

If your body sweats a lot during work and exercise, you can add salt appropriately, and add an appropriate amount of salt to warm water. Don’t drink too much at one time.

Therefore, we cannot blindly add too much salt, especially for patients with chronic diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular, diabetes and so on.

  Old blown air conditioners are susceptible to colds. “The place with air conditioners is still comfortable.

“This is why many people like to stay in air-conditioned rooms. Air-conditioning has become more and more dependent on people in summer.

Old Chinese medicine advocates: Natural wind is healthier.

Sweating is a type of detoxification, which is a way of normal metabolism of the human body. If people go to work to air-conditioning, off-air conditioning, car air-conditioning, there is less chance of sweating and detoxification.

So shareholders should not rely too much on air conditioning.

  When you turn on the air conditioner, pay attention to the temperature not to be too low. Because the pores open when the human body is hot, once you enter the air-conditioned room that is too cold, the body cannot adapt to the low temperature in time, resulting in cold and cold.

Open the window from time to time and don’t turn on the air conditioner all night.

Pay attention to cover your abdomen when you fall asleep at night.  According to the old TCM practitioners, there are drugs such as cool oil, and in the summer, the old TCM doctors are advised.

The summer heat and the sun are hot and spicy, which is easy to dizziness and brain swelling, cooling oil, wind oil essence has the effect of refreshing the brain, as well as the effect of mosquito repellent and itching.

Ten drops of water to relieve stomach heat and relieve heat, for dizziness, nausea, abdominal pain, insufficient perfusion and other symptoms caused by heat stroke.

Old Chinese medicine reminds that when using drugs, you must read the instructions carefully to understand their ingredients and effects, see the shelf life, and do not use expired drugs.


Teach everyone a finger hide and seek parent-child game

Teach everyone a finger hide and seek parent-child game

How to play: Sew ten finger-sized fingers with a few light colored cloths, and draw five kinds of small animals on the ten fingers, for example, two thumbs for a kitten, two index fingers for a puppy, twoA middle finger draws a giraffe, two ring fingers draw a pig, two little fingers draw a duck (or other animals), and then put them on the mother’s ten fingers, and start performing: two kittens, where to hideIs it?

(Hids two thumbs in the palm of his hand) Meow-Meow-Meow, I’m here.

(Two thumbs up each) How are you?

Nice to meet you!

(One thumb does Juju) Hello!

I am also glad to see you!

(The other thumb looks like Juju) Goodbye!

(The two thumbs are hidden in the palm of the hand again.) The other fingers play similarly.

After getting familiar with it, try to let your baby practice acting to exercise your baby’s finger posture.

  Development ability:?

Advantages of strengthening your fingers?

Promote the development of language skills?

Tips for cultivating social communication skills: This game is suitable for babies of 10-12 months.

In addition to using small animals instead of ten fingers, you can also use finger names to play games, such as thumb girl, little thumb brother, etc. You can also change to family members, such as where the father is, where the mother is,

Sleeping more and sleeping less will accelerate brain aging

Sleeping more and sleeping less will accelerate brain aging

A new study warns that our sleep time accumulates mental health effects in later years.

The study found that lack of sleep or too much sleep, the average value of our thinking ability, so that the brain is 7 years older than the actual age.

  Shortening sleep time by 6 hours or more per day can speed up the decline in cognitive ability and affect reasoning and language skills.

Researchers have warned that impaired brain function can lead to physical decline and premature death.

Scientists at the University of London have demonstrated the impact of changes in sleep time on cognitive ability through a five-year study.

Participants in the study were middle-aged.

The researchers conducted six standard tests to study participants’ memory, reasoning, vocabulary, phoneme fluency, semantic fluency and comprehensive cognitive ability.

  7% to 8% of people who have a shorter sleep time than recommended time perform worse in all cognitive tests related to short-term non-verbal memory.

Among those who have reduced sleep time and recommended time, one in four women and 18% of men have decreased reasoning and language skills.

The study pointed out that about 7 hours of excess sleep is critical to human function and health.

Insufficient sleep and unconsciousness of expression, reaction time, memory and attention have an adverse effect.

In addition, sleep time is also related to social ability, physical health and early death.

  Senior researcher Jane Ferrer said: “Our results show that adverse sleep time changes are significantly associated with cognitive deterioration in later years.

The lack of sleep, excessive sleep and poor sleep quality have caused more concern.

If the increase in social activity increases the amount of sleep time, it is important to consider the impact of sleep changes on health and long-term health.

The researchers found that the ideal sleep time of 7 hours per night gave the highest focus on each cognitive test, followed by 6 hours of sleep.

Among male participants, those who slept for 6 hours, 7 hours, or 8 hours had similar test overlaps, while those who slept for 6 hours or more than 8 hours had overlapping tests.

Keep in mind 9 body signs for help

Keep in mind 9 body “signs for help”

Core Tip: When the body is under excessive pressure, there are nine healthy physiological reactions, such as urticaria and hair loss.
At this time, paying attention to the body’s “signs for help” and taking decompression measures can be beneficial to health.
  People’s bodies are a complex whole, and problems in one part are usually manifested in other body organs.
Therefore, people should always pay attention to the unusual state that they appear, because this may be a “sign for help” from the body, telling you that you should pay attention to your own health issues.
So, which signals are predicting what kind of problem?
Let us look at these signals from the body.
  1. Frequent urination.
Adrenocortical hormones surge when stressed, stimulating the small intestine and making people want to have a bowel movement.
  2. Hair loss.
Weekday work or study stress can affect human hair follicles, cause hair loss, and last for months.
  3. Mumble.
In a stressful situation, hormones such as adrenaline surge, which can cause headaches or migraines. At the same time, it will affect the normal thinking work of the brain, resulting in it being unable to find suitable words to communicate with others, and only murmuring.
  4. Decreased immunity.
Stress can exacerbate a viral infection, causing a runny nose, cough, or bone pain.
At the same time, stress weakens the immune system, which means that we are more likely to get sick and symptoms can last for a long time.
  5. Nails become fragile.
When people are stressed, the body will release a lot of stress hormones, such as the release of a large amount of acetylcholine silicon, which will cause the nails to become fragile.
  6, the wound is difficult to heal.
In a state of tension, even a seemingly minor scratch or cut may take a long time to heal.
  7, stomach upset.
When people are nervous, a lot of stress hormones are secreted, which directly affects the gastrointestinal tract, causing stomach pain, stomach acid and bloating.
  8. Suffer from skin diseases.
Stress can cause diseases such as hyperhidrosis (sweating), urticaria, allergic dermatitis, and itching of the skin.
  9. Tinnitus.
Stress can cause tinnitus and other hearing problems, causing damage to the hearing system.
  So, in the face of the distress signals from the above people’s bodies, how should we cope with it so that the body can return to a normal state?
I have prepared the following methods for your physical condition, let’s try it together.
  1. The following 3 simple rules can help you reduce your daily mental stress.
First of all, learn to breathe smoothly. When emotions are impulsive, we will hold our breath involuntarily. This will only aggravate the mental stress.
Second, correct posture.
This is because mental stress will gradually make us hump back and straighten it out, as if removing a bunch of heavy objects from our shoulders, correcting our posture can improve personal confidence.
Finally, regulate behavior.
Keep in mind even when there is little hope: you can change the current bad situation and make it better.
  2. Don’t rush to get up.
After waking up in the morning, lie on your back, stretch your body, and then lie on the limbs, stretch your back, and give the spine “wake up” time.
  3. Take fewer elevators.
Go up and down the stairs for more than 6 minutes every day, which will keep you refreshed.
  4. Pay attention to walking posture.When walking at home or in the park, holding your chest up and walking is very effective for maintaining your figure.

If you walk normally, you can consume twice as much displacement.

  5. Exercise every day.

Jumping around, standing squatting, squatting arms around, etc.

Doing these actions every day will help you stay in shape and improve blood circulation.

  6. Pack the kitchen after meals.

Do n’t sit down or lie down immediately after you eat, you can clean up the table, wash the dishes, and then do other work.

In short, forcing yourself to exercise for 15 minutes after a meal.

  7. Don’t sit for long.

Do some simple gymnastics while watching TV.

During work, don’t call coworkers from other rooms, but walk over in person.

  8. Make a lot of contacts.

A person who is good at communication is half less likely to be sick than a lonely person.

  9, smile often.

Laughter has a wonderful effect on strengthening the immune system. It can both consume energy and regulate mood.